Dentures, also known as false teeth, are prosthetic devices constructed to replace missing teeth, and which are supported by surrounding soft and hard tissues of the oral cavity. Conventional dentures are removable, however there are many different denture designs, some which rely on bonding or clasping onto teeth or dental implants.
These dentures are made for people who have lost all their natural teeth. These dentures moulded and designed for an individual, slip over the gums and fit the contours of patient mouth. After extraction of your teeth, it is generally advised to wait for 1-2 months for complete healing of bone and gums to take place so that conventional complete dentures can be given to you for replacement of your missing teeth.
- Aid in chewing food well, completely chewed food will give the maximum advantage to you as it will be absorbed better by your digestive systems.
- Improved speech.
- Good aesthetics helps to keep facial area and mouth in correct alignment.
TYPES OF DENTURES
At Muskaan Dentals we have various types of dentures for all kinds of needs. They are:
- Complete denture: It replaces all of the patient's natural teeth.
- Partial Denture: It replaces one or more teeth but not all the natural teeth
- Removable implant-retained denture: It is supported by abutment(s) integrated into the bony tissue.
- Immediate dentures: They are inserted immediately after the removal of a patient's teeth.
- Soft liners: They ease the discomfort of some patients when chewing.
Complete or 'full' dentures are worn by patients who are missing all their teeth in either maxillary (upper) or mandibular (lower) arch. A patient who is missing all their teeth in both arches will have a pair of complete dentures, such as the ones shown at right which feature a clear top palate.
A partial denture may be tooth-supported or tooth and tissue supported. There are significant differences between theses two types of dentures. These differences are best explained by your dental prosthetist. With newer designs, materials and techniques, partials are more comfortable than ever before. Ask your dental prosthetist about the many designs available, some of which have no visible clasps and are virtually undetectable. The number of teeth remaining, the position and the stability of the teeth are only a few of the factors that help to determine what style or type of partial denture would be best for you. Partials can be made of different materials:
- Acrylic partials are usually used as a transitional or temporary replacement of missing teeth, depending on your personal circumstances.
- The Metal/Acrylic partial – commonly called a Cast partial – is usually a more rigid and permanent style of denture. The metal is either a highly compatible chrome-cobalt alloy or titanium, which are both ultra-thin, light and very strong.
- The new Thermoplastics offer the twin advantages of aesthetics and flexibility. All partials are designed to be removable and should be removed nightly to contribute to a healthy oral environment.
Implat Retained Dentures
An implant-retained denture utilises direct connections to titanium abutments which are integrated into the bony tissue. They overcome the instability and lack of retention of a common complete denture. Implant-retained dentures are relatively inexpensive when compared to more sophisticated types of implant restoration such as crowns, but they are very effective. Also, being removable, an implant-retained denture is easy to clean and care for, thus reducing future expenses.
Immediate dentures are inserted immediately after the removal of teeth. To make this possible, the dental prosthetist takes measurements and makes the models of the patient's jaws while natural teeth are still in position, during a preliminary visit prior to extraction. An advantage of immediate dentures is that the wearer does not have to be without teeth during the healing period. However, bones and gums can shrink over time, especially during the period of healing in the first six months after the removal of teeth. When gums shrink, immediate dentures may require rebasing or relining to fit properly. A conventional denture can then be made once the tissues have healed. Healing of the soft tissue may take up to 8 weeks; bone can take many months to heal completely.
If your dental prosthetist has meticulously adjusted the fit of your dentures and you are still unable to find comfort with your denture, you may want to consider a soft liner. Soft liners are a medical-grade soft polymer material applied to the tissue-fitting surface of your hard denture base. Soft liners behave like a shock-absorbing cushion when you are chewing. Soft liners can be applied to new dentures or old dentures, with a reline and rebase treatments. With careful home-care cleaning, soft liners have an average lifespan of two to four years depending on the physiology of the patient.
PROCEDURE AT MUSKAAN DENTALS IN GURGAON
- The first step is an examination of your current situation by our dentist.Our dentist will map your jawbone or your teeth using computerized tomography (CT). At the same time, the laboratory will begin making your final teeth, so they are ready for placement at the same time your dentures are placed.
- You’ll receive local anesthesia
- Using the surgical guide and keyhole surgery, our dentist will then place your dentures.
- Once placed, our dentist will place your (pre-prepared) final permanent dentures.
After our dentist has determined that your gums have sufficiently healed you’ll return to have your final permanent dentures placed. Our dentist will ensure that your bite is correct.